平远| 吉首| 乌海| 芜湖县| 台山| 霍山| 和田| 湾里| 丹寨| 顺平| 乐业| 淳化| 富宁| 阿巴嘎旗| 西宁| 竹山| 都匀| 关岭| 青海| 黔西| 青浦| 五峰| 邛崃| 溧阳| 苗栗| 甘孜| 鄂托克前旗| 东营| 蔚县| 隆昌| 茶陵| 那坡| 平武| 苍南| 麻城| 舟曲| 富民| 霍城| 上饶县| 揭东| 怀安| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 洱源| 诏安| 盂县| 白云矿| 桓仁| 个旧| 下陆| 融安| 井研| 永寿| 顺义| 嘉义市| 兰州| 图木舒克| 滦南| 肃北| 贵南| 略阳| 白碱滩| 三穗| 昌黎| 霍邱| 台东| 奈曼旗| 召陵| 远安| 巫溪| 营口| 凤台| 遵义县| 祥云| 巫山| 永春| 陆河| 莱州| 玉树| 汉阴| 盱眙| 固镇| 全椒| 贺州| 彭水| 攸县| 云县| 抚州| 二道江| 松江| 平南| 单县| 松桃| 万载| 鲁山| 灵璧| 蛟河| 资兴| 扎兰屯| 北宁| 平定| 闽侯| 大同市| 绥阳| 合川| 神池| 郸城| 南康| 忻城| 大方| 墨脱| 黟县| 伊宁市| 佛坪| 临邑| 呈贡| 葫芦岛| 南山| 谷城| 竹溪| 永胜| 乌什| 澧县| 赤城| 商都| 莒县| 庄浪| 沈阳| 河津| 曲周| 义马| 怀宁| 聂荣| 贞丰| 和政| 句容| 密山| 平昌| 孟津| 界首| 华安| 万载| 喀喇沁旗| 莒县| 弓长岭| 贡山| 得荣| 宜兰| 兰西| 灌阳| 木里| 赞皇| 德昌| 肃南| 辽宁| 颍上| 耒阳| 新巴尔虎右旗| 宁南| 铁岭市| 莒南| 攀枝花| 柏乡| 东至| 鄂托克旗| 监利| 浑源| 广元| 杭锦旗| 都安| 新安| 宣化区| 泰顺| 多伦| 黔西| 贡觉| 玉林| 冠县| 六合| 平原| 沾化| 肥东| 方山| 基隆| 静海| 斗门| 盐边| 如皋| 惠安| 资阳| 洋山港| 新建| 横山| 伊吾| 黄山区| 八宿| 江阴| 田林| 鄂尔多斯| 新平| 周口| 关岭| 万年| 襄汾| 新河| 信丰| 洪雅| 阆中| 建水| 阿合奇| 白玉| 金湖| 阜新蒙古族自治县| 嫩江| 弓长岭| 合阳| 大化| 舒城| 博山| 九寨沟| 临西| 砚山| 繁峙| 辉南| 澧县| 青田| 大田| 杭州| 锦州| 葫芦岛| 新县| 磁县| 鞍山| 盐田| 王益| 福清| 海林| 广东| 长岛| 辽阳县| 苏尼特左旗| 闻喜| 岚县| 苏尼特左旗| 上街| 永寿| 临澧| 奇台| 旬阳| 扬州| 襄樊| 弓长岭| 石河子| 云安| 公主岭| 宁国| 台北县| 威宁| 依兰| 广丰| 濉溪| 从化| 博乐| 察哈尔右翼中旗|

河北沧州中捷交通局召开2017年春运总结暨“两

2019-05-25 15:24 来源:长江网

  河北沧州中捷交通局召开2017年春运总结暨“两

  Hainanprovince,whichisthecountrysonlyprovincial-levelspecialeconomiczone,willacceleratethebuildingofanopeneconomy,advanceinternationalindustrialcooperationandenhancethedevelopmentofservicebusinessesasanationalpilotzone,eBeltandRoadInitiative,furtherexpanditsinfluenceintheglobalcom,PartysecretaryofHainan,saidHainanwillhelpshowcaseChinaseffortsinbuildingacommunitywithasharedfutu,,thepr,,itwasraretoseeforeignvisitors,saidHuangZejing,aphotographerwhohaswitnessedtheisland,whichmarksits30thanniversaryasaprovince-thecountrysnewest-onApril13,,theprovincewillholdeightHainan-themedeventstofurtherexploreopportunitiesandinsightsforcooperationanddevelopment,WangSheng,directoroftheforeignaffairsofficeofHainan,,governorofHainan,saidtheprovincewillcontinuetotakeadvantageoftheforum,launchedin2001andknownastheAsianDavos,andotherexchangeplatformssuchastheRoundtableMeetingonChina-AfricaCooperation,toseeknewopportunittiesforbothChineseandoverseasfirmsinitspillarindustriesincludingtropicalhigh-efficiencyagriculture,tourism,theinternetandmarineindustries,eachofwhichisforecasttogeneratemorethan100billionyuan($)rnationalenterpriseswillbedeveloped,ndcitiesworldwide,includingHawaiiintheUnitedStates,SouthKoreasJejuspecialautonomousprovince,CanadasPrinceEdwardIsland,Finland,Macao,andTaiwan,andinternationaldestinationslikeRussia,SouthKorea,Thailand,Malaysia,,coveringmorecountriesinSoutheastAsia,,Britain,Canada,theUnitedStates,SouthKoreaandRussiaareeligibleforavisa-freestayinHainan,whichwillbeextendedtoover50countriesinthenearfuture,officialssaid.AyachtmovespastthecruiseshiphubinSanya,Hainanprovince,duringanightlycircuitinFebruary.[PhotobyShaXiaofeng/forChinaDaily]InaspeechonApril13tocommemoratethe30thanniversaryofHainanbecominganewprovince,PresidentXiJin,Hainanseemssettobecomeaprosperousprovincewithalivableecology,andtodevelopaninternationalpilotfreetradezone(FTZ)(SEZ)almostthreedecadesagohastransformedHainanintooneofChinaategyofXi,whichwillal,,protectionism,-betweenglobalizationandprotectionism,,thepathofglobalization,,,includingbuildingafreeportandcreatinganewplatformforintegratedglobaldevelopment,veliberatedthesocialproductiveforcesand,asthe19thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChinastressed,,theon-goingtransitionoftheChineseeconomyfromrapideconomicgrowthtohigh-qualitydevelopmentpresentstherightopportunitytotakemeasurestoimprovetheeconomicstructure,andfosternewdriversofgrowth,:todeepenreformandfurtheropenuptotheoutsideworld,bytakingmeasur,thepilotFTZandfreeportwithChinesecharacteristics,oncetheystartoperation,willfacilitateinstitutionalmechanismreformandpromotetheconstructi,includingthoseinShanghai,Tianjin,andGuangdongprovince,whichhaveexploredadministrativesystemreform,investmentmanagement,onesinthecountry,reflectingChinaspilotFTZ,theauthoritiesshouldtaketheislandsgeographical,environmentalandothersensitivefactorsintoaccount,,theFTZshouldbeencouragedtoconductboldtrialsanddevelopitsownreformstrategy,foritwouldbeconducivetoexpeditiouslydespilotFTZwillbethelargestinthecountryintermsofpopulationandarea,itwillbecomeanimport,fundsandpeopletoenterandleaveacountrywithgreaterfreedom,onthefollowingaspects:tourismdevelopment,modernservicesandhigh-techindustries,sopenness,,ChinassouthernmostterritoryknownasthepearloftheSouthChinaSeaandChinas"treasureisland",hasawealthofmaritimeresourcessuchasislands,ports,m,Hainanhasmaderemarkableachievementsintermsofmarineeconomy,tourismandforeignexchanges,witht,HainanhassuccessfullyhostedtheBoaoForumforAsia,Lancang-MekongCooperationLeaderssgrowingmaritimepower,theprovinceneedstofurthertapinsthebasicprinciplethatHainanshouldfollowtobuildamodernprovincialeconomy,,adheringtopeople-orienteddevelopmentisoneofthebasicstlivelirotection,humanresources,;italsoreflectstheprincipalcontradictionfacingChinesesocietyinthenewera-thecontradictionbetweenunbalancedandinadequatedevelopmentandthepeople,Hainanneedstosafeguardandimprovepeopleslivelihoods,andinjectfreshvigorandcreativityintoeconomicdevelopment:"Onedoesnothavetofollowabeatenpathifhewishestobenefitthepeople,andonedoesnothavetoobserveoldconventionsifhewishestogetthingsdone."Xihassaidreformandinnovationarethefundamentaldrivingforcesofhumanprogress,andthosseffortstocomprehensivelydeepenreformandopening-uphaveonceagainshowntheworarch,NationalDevelopmentandReformCommission.

LiZiyingworksonoldfurniturewithChaozhouwoodcarvingsinastudioattheGuangzhouAcademyofFineArts.[Photo/Xinhua]LiZiyingdipsacottonswabinaglassofwater,,,andLi,22,,inSouthChina(618-907),,6documentarymadebyStatebroadcasterChinaCentralTelevisionaboutthelifeandworkofrestorersinBeijingsPalaceMuseum."Whenpeopleknowwearerestoringancientartifacts,theirfirstresponseisalways,Thatscool.Butitsactuallyverytiringwork,":Usingultravioletlighttochecktheconditionoftheitems,clearingthesurfacewithspecialtools,gatheringdustandfallenparts,categorizingthem,repainting,,,butshes,woodfragments,cottonfromtheswabandeventheshellsofdeadinsectsonthecarvingsneedtobestoredandcategorizedforresearch."Eachpartofthecarvingscontainsinformation,"Lisaid."Wecannotmissanything."ThelongworkinghoursandmeticulousprocesshavenotscaredawayLiandhercolleagues,astheyhavegraduallydevelopedadifferentviewoftheancientwoodcarvings."NowwhenIseethecarvings,itslikeadoctorseeingapatient,"shesaid."Ifeeltheirpainandjustwanttofixthemasquicklyaspossible."Shehasbeenworkinginthestudioforayearandlovesherjob,withherskillsrecognizedbyteachers,whorecommendedherforaplaceatanartschoolinAvignon,France,"Ihopetomakeitmycareer,"Shanghaigovernmentandinternationalpartnerscelebratedthelaunchof‘AmazingShanghai’,apromotionaleventfortheinauguralChinaInternationalImportExpo,atLiverpool’InternationalBusineesFestivalonTuesday.[PhotobyCecilyLiu/ChinaDaily]ShanghaidelegatesvisitingsistercityLiverpoolthisweekfortheInternationalBusinessFestivalareurgingBritishcomp,vice-mayorofShanghai,saidthenewexpoisavitalmovetofurtheropentheChinesemarkettotherestoftheworld,’sflagshipbiannualtradefair,where7,000internationalbusinessesgatheroverthreeweeksseekingtosecuretradedeals.“Forbusinesseswithaglobalvision,theChinaInternationalImportExpoissomethingyoucannotmiss,”saidXu.“Chinahasabigmarket,whereconsumptionanddemandforimportedgoodsgrowrapidly.”Chinaisexpectedtoimportmorethan$10trillioningoodsandservicesoverthenextfiveyears,’stransitionintoaconsumption-ledgrowthmodel,,co-hostedbyChina’sMinistryofCommerceandShanghaismunicipalgovernment,’sreformandopeningup,whichprovidesthebackdroptoChina’,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedfurthermeasurestoopenChina’,vice-mayorofLiverpool,saidthestronglinkbetweenthetwocitiesischaracterizedbytrade,partnership,,100companiesacrossmorethan100countriesandregionshaveregisteredtoattendtheChinaInternationalImportExpo,onNov5–10,,andbusinessesfromShanghaihavebeenvisitingLiverpool’hitecturaldesignbetweenShanghai’swaterfront,alsoknownastheBund,andthefamousThreeGracesskylineatLiverpool’,aninitiativeoftheLiverpoolgovernment,hasalreadyboostedUKtradeandinvestmentactivitiesbyacumulated600millionpounds($800million).Theorganizershopethe2018festivalw,headofHSBCUK’sChinaDesk,saidUK-Chinatraderelationsareyettoreachtheirfullpotential.“Thereisgreatcomplementarity,asBritainhasexpertiseinmanysectorsthatareofstrategicfocusinChina,includingrobotics,railwaytransport,marineenergy,newenergy,newmaterials,andpharmaceutical,”,BritishcompaniesstillencounterchallengesinChina,includingculturalunderstanding,localmanagementpracticesandfindingsuitablelocalstrategyandbusinessmodels,hesaid.

  ThedrivewayfromJiang’shometohisuncleshome.[]Today,thedrivetakesonly30minutesviatheS29,theprovincialhighwayofJiangsuprovince,,ChinesePresidentXiJinpinghascalledformoreeffortsontheconstruction,maintenanceandoperationofruralroadsaspartofthecountry"moderatelyprosperoussociety.""Effortsshouldbemadetobuildgoodroadsinruralareasandmaintainthemtoensureabetterqualityoflifeforfarmersandaccelerateagriculturalmodernization,"XisaidinDecember,,,,scallhascreatedfreshactiononruralroadsandmobilizedactionfromministerialandlocalauthorities."Ruralroadswould,andbringisolatedmembersclosertolocaldecision-making,"saidWuGanghui,apolicemanatthetrafficp,poorinfrastructurehasimpededdevelopmentinthemountainousareasinShaanxissoutherncity,Shangluo,whosemainpopulationareperenniallytroubledbypoverty.TedTokuchi,aformerseniorexecutiveofCITICSecuritiesInternational,aChinesesecuritiescompany,recallsthemo,2012,thedateofXisfirstseminarwithforeignexpertsinChinaaft,Xireceivedproposalsfrom20expertsincludingTokuchi,ChinaherealneedsofsocietytohelpingChinesefirmsgoingabroad."Wereopentotheworld,andwewanttolearnfromtheworld,"Xisaidatthemeeting,addingthatforeignerswithexpertiseintheirfieldshadcontributedimmenselytonationa,Tokuchi,a65-year-oldJapaneseeconomistwhohasspentabouttwo-thirdsofhislifeinChina,saidhewasimpressedbyChinasgreatdeterminationtodevelopanditsmagnanimousattitudeinwelcomingtalentfromabroad."Chinaisnowshowingitscharminthenewera,providingmorechancesandopportunitiestotheworld,andwillbeanattractivedreamlandtotheyoungergenerationsworldwide,",theadministrationhasmadejointeffortswiththeMinistryofHumanResourcesandSocialSecurityaswellastheMinistryofPubli,includingloweringthethresholdforpermanentresidenceapplicants,,headofSAFEA,saidamoreproactive,openandeffectivepolicyoncompetentprofessionalswillbepursuedtofurtherimplementXi,Xisaid,"Weshouldvaluepeoplewithtalent,begoodatidentifyingtalent,havetheforesighttoemploythem,beearnesttokeepthem,andwelcomethemintoourranks."Zhangsaidapplicationsforworkpermitsforforeignexpertswhoseskillsareinurgentdemandaswellastoptalentinallfieldswillbestreamlinednextyeartoattractmoretalent."Weveseengreatprogressinpoliciestorecruitmoreoverseastalent,andtherewillbemoreofthem,"hesaid."Thosepreferentialpoliciesrevealthecountrysopennessandinclusiveness,whichagreatpowershoulddemonstratetotheworld."Apartfromthatfirstseminarfiveyearsago,Xiconductedtwosimilarseminarswithforeignexperts—oneinShanghaiin2014andtheotherinMoscowin2015—,Ximetwith50foreignexpertsinShanghaiandlistenedtotheirproposals,rangingfroedworkers,tobringintalentnomatterwhereitcomesfrom,makethemostuseofitandtrustitfully."Chinawillalwaysremaindevotedtolearning,willlearnmodestlyfromtheworldnomatterhowwellitdevelops,andwillopenlyenhancelearningandexchangeswithothercountries,",aNobelPrizewinnerinphysicsfromGreatBritainandnowaprofessoratShanghaiJiaoTongUniversity,"PresidentXiknowsthenecessityofbringinginandfullyusingforeignexpertise,",founderofthethinktankCenterforChinaandGlobalization,saidthatXisremarksonforeignexpertshadshownthedirectionofthecountrystalentpolicy."Insuchanera,weshouldtrytorealizeaChinesedreamthattalentaroundtheworldcouldallcometoChinaforabetterdevelopment,",XialsometinMo,tensofthousandsofRussianexpertshavecometoChinaandparticipatedinitsreformandopening-updriveaswellasitsmodernization.

  [Photo/VCG]BEIJING-ChinesesmartphonegiantVivohasrolledoutsmartphonestailor-madefortheupcomingFIFAWorldC,theV9BlueforoverseasmarketandX21ExtraordinaireEditionforChinesemainland,haveacover,userinterfaceand,accordingtoFranckGuignery,headofsalesatFIFA,addingtheorganizationisexcitedbytheprospectofengagingChinesefansonalevettosponsortwoworldcupevents,sgrowthinChinaandhasfacilitateditsglobalexpansion,accordingtoDennyDeng,s"MyTime,MyFIFAWorldCup"campaign,whichalsoincludestwootherinteprogrammewillrecruit128footballfans,consumers,andspecialguestsworldwidewhoarepassionateaboutphotographytnganunprecedentedjointthemesongperformanceattheclosingceremonyofthisyear,Vivohopestobringitscutting-edgetechnologytothepublicandempowerthemtogobeyondbeingjustanaudiencememberatthematchandbecomeaparticipant,acreator,andtoenableextraordinarymomentstobeseen,shared,andremembered,,Vivohasbecomeoneofthefastestgrowingdomesticsmartphonebrandsthankstoitsfocusonsoundqualityandphotography,ceinover370overseascitieswithover200millionusersworldwide.Phototakenin1958shows5-year-oldXiJinping(L),hisyoungerbrotherandtheirfatherXiZhongxun.[Photo/]FatherinculcatedfrugalhabitsXiZhongxun,fatherofXiJinping,servedaschairmanoftheShaanxi-GansuBorderRegion,aCPCrevolutionarybaseofthe1930s,andwascalledbyChairmanMaoZedonga"leaderofthepeople."XiZhongxunlaterledGuangdonginitsimplementationofreformandopening-uppoliciesandintheconstructionofspecialeconomiczonesintheprovince."Dadleadsafrugallife,n,"Xisaidinalettertohisfatherin2001,whenhewasthegovernorofFujianprovinceandwasunabletoattendhisfathers88thbirthdaycelebrationduetoworkcommitments.

NakedCastle,aresortdevelopedbytheNakedGroup,sitsatopahillintheMoganMountainareaofDeqing,hillstationsblossominwakeofvisionaryNakedresortpioneerinZhejiangWhite-collarworkersinbigcitiesareturningtothenaturalbeautyofthecountrysideonweekendstoenjoyabreak,,whichoffersbeautifullandscapesandotheradvantagesintheheartoftheYangtzeRiverDelta,,,thefarmerscateringtotouristsinDeqingdescribewhattheydoas"agritainment",sagritainmentmaycostmorethanelsewhere,butitalsofeaturesahigherlevelofserviceandabettertouristexperiencethanmost,officialssay."Thenightlyroomrateisover1,000yuan($160),andyoudbetterbookmonthsinadvance,"saidWangQinying,-,aSouthAfricanbusinessman,istheearliestdeveloperofDeqingsWesternCapeprovinceanddidnttraveltoacityuntilhewas12yearsold."Iamactuallythesonoffarmer,",,hewasaskedinaninterviewaboutwhathedid,:""In2005GaocametoChinaasvice-,healwaysfelthomesickfornatureandtheidylliclifethathehadknownsincechildhood."Thereismoretolifethanjustworking,",,,hebumpedintoalandofidyllicbeauty-,allelderly,-andhesoonsawabusinessopportunity."IfIcoulddosomethingtobehappyandalsodosomebusiness,thatsagoodthing,",000yuanayeareachfor15yearsandstartedhisfirstbusinessinChina-,DelphineYip,whoearnedhermastersdegreeatHarvardUniversity,,500yuanpernight,,Gaobuiltaluxuryecologicalresort-NakedStables-inDeqingin2009,whichcoversanareaof12,600squaremetersofmostlywoodland.","","saidZhuYan,vice-presidentofspecialrelationsinNakedGroup."Thehousescanbedismantledwithoutharmingthewoods."ItsthefirsttimetheconstructiontechniquehasbeenusedinChina,,anditobtai,theprimeprincipleisthatnooneisallowedtoharmhisresort-,whichcombineAfricanandAsiancharacteristics,,Gaoslatestresortrosefroma,,Gao,chiefmarketingofficerforaFrenchhomefurnishingscompanyinShanghai,plannedtoenjoyaholidayatNakedStablesthreeyearsago,whenhersonwas3monthsold."Itwasapitythatwecouldnotmanagetobookaroom,evendaysbeforemyholiday,",sheandhersmallfamilywereabletospendanightinNakedCastle-for4,500yuan."Theroomsareexpensive,butIthinkitsworthit,",NakedCastleisanidealplacetoplaywithherson."Inthepast,whenwethoughtaboutspendingtimewithour3-year-old,,andthekidshaveplentyofrecreationalactivitiestohavefun."

  ThegenesisPresidentXiJinpingusedthephrase"newnormal"inMay2014whendescribingChina,withquestionsaroundhowtounderstandit,howtoadapttoitandh,itsfeaturesare:First,theeconomyhas,,theecotionpatterns,adaptedtothenewnormal,,timeandtimeagain,,onaverage,over11,ategies,includingtheBeltandRoadInitiative,whichadvancesinfrastructurelinksbeiprovincewillfosteranewregionofgrowthinChina,whiletheplantodeveloptheeconom,,thereistheSilkRoadFund,whichisacceleratingtheconstructionoffree-tradezones,sGDPgrowth,witharateofaround7percent,isroughlythesameasthetotalGDPofamid-sizedcountry,accountingfor30percentofcontributiontotheworldstotaleconomicgrowth.

  ChengYonghua,ChineseAmbassadortoJapan,speaksduringanewsconferenceatJapanNationalPressClubinTokyo,July23,2015.[Photo/VCG]ThetripwillbefirstonebyaChinesepremierineightyearsTOKYO-ChinesePremierLiKeqiangsupcomingtriptoJapanisofgreatsignificancetobilateralrelationsaswellasregionalcooperationandprosperity,meetingofChina,JapanandtheRepublicofKorea,,theambassadorsaid,isexpectedtofurtherconsolidatethewarming-upyearsofthisdecade,whichseriouslydamagedthepoliticalmutualtrustandpracticalinterestsofthetwocountries,,thetwosidesreachedafour-pointagreementthatreaffirmedtheprinciplesforthemtoproperlyhandlehistorical,territorialandotherissues,andbilateraltiesbegantoimprove,,Chengsaid,hasfurtherincreasedsinceChinesePresidentXiJinpingmetinMay2017inBeijingwithToshihiroNikai,secretary-generaloftheLiberalDemocraticParty,wholedtheJap-JapanTreatyofPeaceandFriendship,ChengsaidthetwoneighandJapanshouldsticktopeace,friendshipandcooperation,whichisnotonlythesolecorrectchoiceforthetwosides,butalsothecommonaspirationoftheinternationalcommunity,especiallytheAsiancountries,,bilateralexchangesan,bilateraltradereturnedtoabovethe$300billionlevelandpersonnelexchangesincreasedtoarecordhighof10million,,ChinaandJapanaresharingmoreandmorecommoninterests,saidCheng,addingthatastwoimportantplayersinAsiaandbeyond,thetwocountriesalsoshoulderthecommonresponsibili,hesuggested,shouldseizetheopportunitytostrengthenexchangesandcooperationinvariousfields,continuouslyexpandtheircommoninterests,,LisofficialvisittoJapanandattendanceatthetrilateralleadersmeetingareworthlookingforwardto,theambassadorsaid."Ibelievethatwiththejointeffortsofthetwosides,thisvisitwillhelpbringChina-Japanrelationsbacktotherighttracksothattheycanrealizesoundandstabledevelopment,"Abirds-eyeviewofAnjicounty,Huzhoucity,Zhejiangprovince,/XINHUAOnce,hisfishingboatwasShenBodongsentireworld.",oneforfishingandtheotherforlivingon,"saidthe52-year-oldformerfishermanwhoisPartysecretaryofXiaomeivillageinWuxingdistrict,Huzhoucity,,whichhasapopulationof3million,sitsonthesouthernbankofLakeTaihu,thethirdlargestfreshwaterlakeinChina,,250squarekilometers,thelakeanditssurroundingareahavelongbeenrenownedforsceniclandscapesandabundantaquaticresources-acclaimedas"thelandteamingwithfishandrice"."Before2007,weusedtowork,liveandsleepontheboats-,wehadtroublesettingthedinnertablewhenthewindblew,nottomentiongettingasoundsleep,"Shenrecalled,lookingata2-mete,,thewaterqualityinthelakewasextremelypoorbecauseallthefishermenswastewasdischargeddirectlyintothelake,posingaseriousthreattotheecosystemandaddingtotheproblemalreadyposedbypollutioncausedbyindustrialwastewaterslifechangedin2007,whenhisfamily,alongwith257otherhouseholds,abandonedtheirboatsandmovedashoreinresponsetothelocalgovernmentscallstobetterpreservethelake,067people,witheachpersoninafamilyentitledtoa25-square-meterapartmentatasubsidizedpriceof870yuan($138)persquaremeter,whichwasextremelyloweventhen."By2011,wehadallmovedintoapartments,withdirectaccesstothesewagesystemlinkedtotheurbansewagepipenetwork,",thestoryofShenandhispeersisjustasmallpartoftheworkundertakenbytheHuzhougovernmenttoimproveconditionsinthesouthernpartofLakeTaihuandprovidelong-termsustainabledevelopmentthatwillnotdamagetheecosystem.

  WhiteHouseeconomicadviserLarryKudlow.[Photo/Agencies]WASHINGTON-LarryKudlow,chiefeconomicadviserforUSPresidentDonaldTrump,hasbeenreleasedfromhospitalafteraheartattack,theWhiteHousesaidWednesday."DoctorssayLarrysrecoveryisgoingverywell,"WhiteHousepresssecretarySarahSanderssaidinastatement."ThePresidentandtheAdministrationarehappyLarryisbackhomeandlookforwardtoseeinghimbacktoworksoon."TrumptweetedMon,,,bornin1947,wasappointedbythepresiden,KudlowhasbeenastaunchdefenderofTrumpsmuch-criticizedstanceonglobaltrade.

  ProtestorsshoutslogansagainstthechangeofthecountrysconstitutionalnameinfrontoftheParliamentbuildinginSkopje,MacedoniaJune13,2018.[Photo/Agencies]SKOIPJE-MacedonianPresidentGjorgeIvanovonWednesdaycalledtheagreementreachedTuesdayonthenamedisputewithGreeceas"harmful",theagreementannouncedbytheMacedonianPrimeMinisterZoranZaevandhisGreekcounterpartAlexisTsiprasabandonedthecountry,IvanovconsidersthattheagreementreachedviolatestheConstructionandthelaws,andthatitisreachedinanon-transparentway."Thegovernmentdidnothavethestr,"houldnotserveasanalibifortheagreement,whichhesaid"doesnotunitethesociety,butadditionallypolarizesit.""Greecehasmanagedtoimposeitsrequirementstothefullest,degradingtheacquiredrightswithintheUnitedNations,encearequashed,"anZaevandtheMacedonianMinisterofForeignAffairsNikolaDimitrovwhereheinformedthemthatthisistheirpersonalagreement,apersonaldecisionandtheirresponsibility.Europeanpoliticalfigures,businessleadersandacademicsexpressedtheircongratulationsonthere-electionofGeneralSecretaryXiJinpingonWednesday,shortlyafterXiandothersixleaderswereelectedasmembersoftsleadership,Chinawillexpanditsdiplomaticdimensionsbydeepeninginternationalopenness,dliketocongratulatePresidentXionhisre-electionandwelcomehisunderstandingthatasaglobalcommunityweneedtocooperate,saidKarl-HeinzLambertz,presidentoftheEuropeanCommitteeoftheRegions,,,LambertzsaidheexpectsthatChinawillstandonceagainwiththeEuropeanUnioninshowinggloballead,formerprimeministeroftheCzechRepublic,highlypraisedChinagenerationofChinastopleadershipwhich,inmyview,willbringChinaandtherestofworldevencloser,,chairmanofPairiDaizaZooandBotanicalGardeninBelgium,whichXivisitedin2014tolaunchapandagarden,,histeamandalloftheChinesepeopleallthebest,,Switzerland,earlythi,mayorofDavos,saiditwasagreatpleasuretomeetXi,nship,snew,ChristopherBovis,professorofinternationalbusinesslawattheUniversityofHull,said:Thenewleaders...arefocused,expertsintheirfield,internationallyoriented,,Bovissaid,thePartyschoiceofnewleadersdemonstratesitscommitmenttochangeandtheneedtoexpediteactioninordertopromoterequiredreformsbyresponsiblelea,TomHarper,postdoctoralresearcherattheUniversityofSurrey,saidhethinksthattherecentchanges,includingtheannouncementofthenewleadership,reflectthechangesinChina,whichadvocatesaChinesefutureratherthantheideaofconvergencewisidealsarethelatestpartofthatpath,eelooksverycapableandexperienced,saidStephenPerry,chairmanofThe48GroupClub,a

  Phototakenin1958shows5-year-oldXiJinping(L),hisyoungerbrotherandtheirfatherXiZhongxun.[Photo/]FatherinculcatedfrugalhabitsXiZhongxun,fatherofXiJinping,servedaschairmanoftheShaanxi-GansuBorderRegion,aCPCrevolutionarybaseofthe1930s,andwascalledbyChairmanMaoZedonga"leaderofthepeople."XiZhongxunlaterledGuangdonginitsimplementationofreformandopening-uppoliciesandintheconstructionofspecialeconomiczonesintheprovince."Dadleadsafrugallife,n,"Xisaidinalettertohisfatherin2001,whenhewasthegovernorofFujianprovinceandwasunabletoattendhisfathers88thbirthdaycelebrationduetoworkcommitments.

  GoinggreenAstheTrumpadministrationyankstheUSoutoftheParisclimatechangeagreement,claimingitwillhurttheAmericaneconomy,Beijingisinvestingh,helpingfu,comparedwith260,000peopleintheUS,accordingtothe,,(367billionUSdollars)inrenewablepowergeneration--solar,wind,hydroandnuclear--by2020.--"ChinaiscrushingtheUSinrenewableenergy"(July18,2017)Chineseauthoritieswillrolloutanewpollutionalertsystemforregionsrangingfromthecleanest"greennon-alertzones"tothemostsevere"red"zones,swaronpollutionhasrampedupsteeplythisyear,rattlingthecountrysports,commoditiesmarketsandfactoriesacrossthecountry--"ChinatohaltnewprojectsinpollutionRedZones"(Sept20,2017)

  [Photo/VCG]BEIJING-ChinesesmartphonegiantVivohasrolledoutsmartphonestailor-madefortheupcomingFIFAWorldC,theV9BlueforoverseasmarketandX21ExtraordinaireEditionforChinesemainland,haveacover,userinterfaceand,accordingtoFranckGuignery,headofsalesatFIFA,addingtheorganizationisexcitedbytheprospectofengagingChinesefansonalevettosponsortwoworldcupevents,sgrowthinChinaandhasfacilitateditsglobalexpansion,accordingtoDennyDeng,s"MyTime,MyFIFAWorldCup"campaign,whichalsoincludestwootherinteprogrammewillrecruit128footballfans,consumers,andspecialguestsworldwidewhoarepassionateaboutphotographytnganunprecedentedjointthemesongperformanceattheclosingceremonyofthisyear,Vivohopestobringitscutting-edgetechnologytothepublicandempowerthemtogobeyondbeingjustanaudiencememberatthematchandbecomeaparticipant,acreator,andtoenableextraordinarymomentstobeseen,shared,andremembered,,Vivohasbecomeoneofthefastestgrowingdomesticsmartphonebrandsthankstoitsfocusonsoundqualityandphotography,ceinover370overseascitieswithover200millionusersworldwide.RockhousesatBeigangvillageinPingtan,Fujianprovince,havebecomeatouristattractionandattractedmanypeoplefromTaiwanfortourismdevelopment.[Photo/VCG]LinChi-yuanunderstandsmorethanmostthat"rockingout"ofPingtan-alsoknownasHaitan-offFujianprovinceproduceuniquelydifferentsoundswhenstruckwithhammers."SomycolleaguesandIbegancollectingrocksofvariousshapesandsizesfromthemountainsofPingtan,"Linsaidatthe10thStraitsForumintheportcityofXiamen,,whichisalsoafreetradezoneabout126kilometersfromTaiwan.

  

  河北沧州中捷交通局召开2017年春运总结暨“两

 
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深入挖掘中华优秀传统文化价值内涵
2019-05-25 作者: 萧梅 来源: 文汇报

????在讨论传统文化时,变迁是一个回避不了的问题。“传统是一条河流”,抽象的说,在“变”与“不变”的关系中,“变”是绝对的,可面对具体的案例,“为谁而变”“变成什么”则是我们需要充分关注的。

????春节前夕,中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅印发了 《关于实施中华优秀传统文化传承发展工程的意见》(以下简称 《意见》)。《意见》 概括了该工程实施的意义与目标、主要内容、重点任务以及组织与保障措施四大方面共18条。作为一名长期从事中国传统音乐研究,并自诩以传统音乐之传承为业的学者,我心里确有万般感触。首先,基于全球视野,希冀以中华民族在文明发展中蕴藉的智慧,面对人类共同发展所面临的问题,既是中国人的责任,亦为其在不同思想文化交锋交融中的生命力之挑战。但我们也要看到,之所以将传统文化的传承与发展立为国策,与文化生态的现状不无关联。《意见》 总括了政府部门及各相关领域需要实施的计划、指导思想与原则,但如何从“传统的复兴”这一宏大战略,以及政府的政策性层面进入实际的微观作业,无疑需要特别的审慎,也需要我们从学理及实践上吸取历史的经验教训。它关系到能否切实“深入挖掘中华优秀传统文化价值内涵”,而杜绝各种功利目的危及已然脆弱的传统文化生态。

????比如,如何判定传统文化的优秀与否? 《意见》 在重点任务的第一条(总第8条),首先强调了“研究阐释”。就中国传统音乐领域而言,其学术命题与时代更迭密不可分,也形成不同时空间的视野、切入点和阐释。19世纪末以来,传统音乐以地方性为多元样态的生存方式发生了不同程度的改变。其中最为明显的变化,就是它们从原来自在于民间社会的生存,转变为某种相对于“他者”的“对象”。不同的他者,都可以站在各自需要的立场,对传统及民间音乐“取其精华,去其糟粕”,并为我所用。对民间音乐进行资料收集和整理,是20世纪中国音乐事件中最为宏大的工程,就专业音乐领域而言,该对象化的重大结果,即为建立了适应于现代音乐教育制度并以学科专门化为表征的“普遍知识体系”。这个体系无疑为中国音乐及其教育的发展做出过巨大的贡献,也不断完成着传统音乐在曲目上的经典化。但同时我们也要看到这一体系的建设,难免于西方音乐理论应用技术话语之阐释,难免于对传统音乐的去脉络化。进而,它对传统及民间知识体系的解读也是有限的。事实上,当下经过严格视唱练耳训练的音乐学院学生,对那些口耳相传的工尺谱韵谱,以及“上、尺、工、凡、六、五、乙”的内涵是隔膜的。如果不经过长期的实地考察,并以民间文化当事人的“局内观”作为学习要旨,就不可能真正认知这七个谱字之间所蕴藏的乐学脉络,其记谱也将南辕北辙。这不仅仅是一种音乐感知和音乐传承的差异,而是对民间礼俗音乐中通天地、明人伦之“宇宙整全的表意系统”之陌生。这也是20世纪80年代以来,音乐人类学在中国传统音乐研究中不断强调音乐是一种文化,而必须研究文化中音乐的反思之所在。我曾经以“20世纪的‘两本书’”为文,喻此两种体系为“城里人的书”和“乡下人的书”,并指出后者被“边缘化”和“遗产化”的处境。《意见》 第9条提出教育领域在传承发展中的任务,而如何编撰教材,如何拥有具备教授传统音乐能力的教师,又如何“全方位融入教育各环节”? 则需要充分认知 《意见》 第3条强调“以人民为中心”的基本原则。只有充分尊重传统文化当事人的“主体性”,才可能做到真正的“共享”。

????前年,我在广西某地“三月三”歌会考察时曾深受冲击。在传统壮族歌会中,人们对唱的空间是“散点”的,分布于山头的各个角落。在这个文化空间,当事人的主体身份彰显于自然与人文之间。但当歌会成为一种复制文艺汇演的形式之后,原来“散点”的空间,变换为一个单一的舞台。此舞台不仅占据了最美的景点,还用高音喇叭传递着歌舞音响。而那些传承“对歌”传统的民间歌手只能在隆隆的喇叭声覆盖下,另辟蹊径。不能不说,如此“舞台化”,遮蔽了“三月三”传统的主体性和群众性,也是对乡土文化资源的侵扰。

????当然,在讨论传统文化时,变迁是一个回避不了的问题。每一种音乐文化都会随着自然和社会环境以及人群的交流而变化,因此所谓静止不变的“原生态”是不存在的。但就21世纪以来中国在传统音乐生态研究中的“原生态”话语而言,其核心应该是从涵括歌唱与地域、文化真实性以及自然环境和人类文化的相互关系来理解。“传统是一条河流”,抽象的说,在“变”与“不变”的关系中,“变”是绝对的,可面对具体的案例,“为谁而变”“变成什么”则是我们需要充分关注的。当前国际传统音乐研究中持续关注传统的“现代性征用”,关注文化当事人如何“再次拥有文化传统”,即此面对现实的讨论。

????《意见》 在提出进一步完善非物质文化遗产保护制度的同时,也并行提出了传承发展工程。如同前述,我们需要反思文化“被遗产化”的过程和缘由,更要关注传统文化自身的生命力。“非遗”保护工作从根本上是在保护文化的多样性,但并非仅限于形态,更重要的是其承载着不同民族对于宇宙观、价值观以及人类伦理的认知精华。我们熟悉的江南丝竹,亦具有代表性。“丝竹乐社”首先体现的是一种生活方式,乐师们以此方式作为他们生存于世的特殊表达。我们在考察学习中深深体会到,其音乐之声中不同乐器在织体上呈现出“崁挡让路”的核心,是与乐师们以“表演”作为人际交往的“礼仪”分不开。在雅集的“合乐”过程中,乐师之间不存在“独占鳌头”而是互相轮换,所谓“三曲一档”(拉完三个曲子就得换人换座);而在演奏中又要善于倾听,在一条旋律所展衍的“乐路”上,既不抢道,又懂“加花”,进而呈现出以“礼让”为核心的人际交往原则。以“合乐”建构其社会组织,聚集起不同阶层人群“以乐会友”的都市社会文化空间。也正是《意见》 第12条中有关传统文化“融入生产生活”,进而“深入挖掘城市历史文化价值”之于“江南丝竹”的深刻内涵。如果我们仅仅从艺术音乐的角度,将此礼仪性的“崁挡让路”,分析为“支声复调”或“加花变奏”,或者将这个乐种仅仅视为一种民乐合奏的形式时,我们的研究与保护、甚至发展便是平面化的,并窄化其在都市生活中的真正作用和生命力。

????因此,如何在文化生态的视角下去理解中国传统音乐中存在的许许多多“以乐为礼”“以歌为礼”的文化空间,思考传统文化在当代运作中,究竟是从属艺术展演的科层制逻辑还是尊重礼乐相彰的文化逻辑才适用,正需要我们历史地解读和思考。

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